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ArchLinuxHowTo

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Prerequisite for installing Debian GNU/coLinux Edit

This is a step-by-step instruction on how to install ArchLinux 0.7 (Wombat) under co Linux on Windows (I've done this on Win2k Pro SP4 & WinXP SP2). Mention using *fsutil*, which may not exist on Win2k Pro, there are other programs you can use, I've used the mkFile tool mentioned elsewhere on the Wiki. I've heard that simply copying the *fsutil* from WinXP is enough to get it working on Win2k Pro.

There is packed result file on Linux Install_on_windows_by_coLinux for anyone who want quicker.(The image have updated on 2008/02/02 for support archlinux 2007.08-2)

Since this method utilizes only official ArchLinux downloads, it does not rely on preexisting disk images ( if you're even able to find any!) and should be the preferred method for anyone who is planning on deploying *a Arch Linux/coLinux system*.

This article *assumes that you have coLinux installed and running*, as well as knowledge on *how to configure TAP/Bridge*. Proper network access is required to install the base system! ArchLinux is an i686 distro do not attempt this on a non-i686 machine, also, only use 2.6.x based co Linux installs. And now, for the step-by-step:

Create your rootfs and swapfs Edit

  • Open a *Command Prompt* by going to Start->Programs->Accessories->Command Prompt
  • Change to the coLinux data directory (usually C:\co Linux), ie: *cd C:\coLinux*
  • Create the rootfs, ie: *fsutil file createnew ArchLinux-0.7-ext3.1.5g 1610612736*
  • Create the swapfs, ie: *fsutil file createnew swap.fs 268435456*
 (The above two example creates a *1.5GB* root and *256MB* swap)

As an alternative to fsutil, download one of these files :

Snapshots :

Download the bootstrap files Edit

  • Download the list of 'base' packages to install packages.txt
  • Using Arch Linux mirrors, download pacman-<version>.tar.gz (PacMan package)
  • Transfer these files to the 'image' you are going to make the ArchLinux image from.

Edit the coLinux XML file Edit

  • Add a *block_device*, for the ArchLinux root image file.

Start ArchLinux install (coLinux variant) Edit

  • Start coLinux with the above configuration. Please note, for the duration of the install, it might be easier to cut-and-paste if you use the *console-nt* instead.
  • First thing you want to do is to get a shell.
  • Initialize the rootfs. (adjust your block device number as necessary)
  For *Ext3* type:
mke2fs -j /dev/cobd2

or for ReiserFS type:

mkreiserfs --format 3.6 /dev/cobd2
  • Mount ArchLinux root fs:
mount /dev/cobd2 /target
  • Unpack pacman package to some temporary place:
cd ~; mkdir tmp; cd tmp; tar zxf pacman-<version>.tar.gz
  • Put pacman, conf files in necessary places:
mkdir al-build
cp usr/bin/pacman.static al-build/pacman
cp -a etc/pacman.d /etc
cp etc/pacman.conf /etc
cp etc/makepkg.conf al-build
  • Start the Installation (this will download and install the base packages for ArchLinux):
cd al-build
yes "" | ./pacman -Sy -r /target `cat packages.txt`
  • When installation is finished, chroot /target /bin/bash
  • Modify /etc/fstab adding cobd/0 (root fs) and cobd/1 (swap)
  • Create /dev/console (If when you boot ArchLinux you get Unable to open inital console, you forget this step):
mknod /dev/console c 1 5
  • Edit rc.conf, this has time settings, network settings, boot-up daemons, etc. Not it defaults to having syslog-ng, but the package.txt file install syslog, so make sure you at least change that.
  • Leave the chroot and prepare to reboot with ArchLinux:
exit
  • Shutdown coLinux.

Edit the coLinux XML file again Edit

  • Adjust your *block devices* as necessary.
  • Change the *bootparams* to *root=/dev/cobd/0 devfs=mount*. Put nothing else in bootparams.
 (We will run into trouble if you do not add *devfs=mount* in the bootparams)

Start ArchLinux coLinux Edit

  • Start coLinux with the updated configuration.
  • Configure the rest of your system as desired. Note that X will require additional steps to get around coLinux's lack of actual video devices (see below)

Postrequisite for installing Debian GNU/coLinux Edit

  • Enable your swap if you haven't already, ensure it's truely enabled:
free

Congratulations, you have installed a brand-new ArchLinux system running under co Linux. Thank you for taking our wonderful wacky tour, enjoy your new small, light, fast ArchLinux.

-- George

Dual Boot System Edit

Ref: Converting Distributions, we can boot archlinux either from colinux or normal boot loader.

  • modify the /etc/rc.sysinit, after the dmesg line, added following lines.
/bin/dmesg -n 3

mount -o rw,remount /
if uname -r | grep -e '-co-' > /dev/null
then
  [ -f /etc/fstab.colinux ] && cp /etc/fstab.colinux /etc/fstab
else
  [ -f /etc/fstab.default ] && cp /etc/fstab.default /etc/fstab
fi
mount -o ro,remount /
  • edit the /etc/fstab.colinux and /etc/fstab.default

Fixing the included ArchLinux ImageEdit

Though the ArchLinux image provided by coLinux is broken, its not hard to fix it, though you must resize the image to 384MiB+ with toporesize. Save the script below as "fixarch.sh", and make sure you have arch.fs and arch.swap (a swap file image) in your coLinux directory, then use a shortcut like:

C:\coLinux\colinux-daemon.exe -t fltk mem=64 kernel=vmlinux initrd=initrd.gz hda1=arch.fs hda2=arch.swap cofs1=c:\ root=/dev/hda1 eth0=ndis-bridge,"Local Area Connection"

login as root then copy fixarch.sh into the image:

mount /mnt/win;cat /mnt/win/colinux/fixarch.sh | tr -d "\r" >/tmp/fixarch.sh;chmod u+x /tmp/fixarch.sh;/tmp/fixarch.sh

fixarch.sh

#!/bin/bash
#approx 109951KiB used
set -e
umount /mnt/win
mkdir -p /media/win
sed -i "s/^#en_US.U/en_US.U/" /etc/locale.gen
locale-gen
sed -i "1i\Server = http://mirror.rit.edu/archlinux/\$repo/os/i686" /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist
pacman -Syy --noconfirm xz
pacman -Sd --noconfirm expat || true
xz -dk /var/cache/pacman/pkg/expat*.xz
pacman -U /var/cache/pacman/pkg/expat*.tar
rm /var/cache/pacman/pkg/expat*.tar
pacman -Sd --noconfirm openssl libarchive libfetch pacman
mv /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist.pacsave /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist
pacman-db-upgrade
echo http::33: >>/etc/group
echo http:x:33:33:http:/:/bin/false >>/etc/passwd
pacman -Syu --noconfirm
pacman -S --noconfirm readline ca-certificates
rm -R /mnt
pacman -Sc --noconfirm
find /etc -name "*.pacnew" | while read f;do
f=`dirname $f`/`basename $f .pacnew`; mv $f $f.pacorig; mv $f.pacnew $f
done
echo Set password for root
passwd
echo -e "/dev/hda1              /            ext3      noatime              1      1\n/dev/hda2              none         swap      defaults             0      0\ncofs1:                /media/win   cofs      noauto                0      0" >>/etc/fstab
sed -i s/=\"UTC\"/=\"virtual\"/ /etc/rc.conf
sed -i "s/Canada\/Pacific/America\/New_York/" /etc/rc.conf
sed -i s/^interface=$/interface=eth0/ /etc/rc.conf
read -p "Restart?"
reboot

comments :

I had to add some mknod commands to rc.sysinit, so that fsck doesn't dump you into the recovery console because it can't find /dev/cobdX. Basically i searched for the lines that start the devfs daemon and added the following after it:

mknod /dev/cobd0 b 177 0
mknod /dev/cobd1 b 177 1
mknod /dev/cobd2 b 177 2
mknod /dev/cobd3 b 177 3

MassTranslated on Sun Apr 23 17:35:32 UTC 2006


ManuallyAdjusted on 20 July 2008

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